For thousands of years, the human-earth relationship has been an essential symbiosis for the survival of mankind, thanks to nature which has been reshaping its landscape due to the use of the resources by humans. There are numerous vestiges placing the first hominids in Sierra Espuña thousands of years ago, around the Palaeolithic, as this place would provide them with shelter and caves, as well as warm temperatures and food resources.
Over the middle Neolithic and Eneolithic (2,000-3,000 years B.C.) the development of agriculture and livestock enabled Guadalentín, Mula and Pliego valleys to count on human settlements. The arrival of muslims originated many of such settlements that have been preserved till now. This way, relevant ones like Pliego arose. Please find in this section the archaeological sites that can be visitied.